Live Longer and Avoid Wrinkles
Hyperpigmentation is a harmless, common ailment in which some patches of skin acquire a darker color than the healthy surrounding skin. This change occurs when an overproduction of melanin, the brown pigment that confers healthy skin tone, forms deposits in the skin. The skin color of people of any race can be affected by hyperpigmentation. Age or "liver" spots are one of the commonest hyperpigmentation forms. They appear when skin is exposed to sun damage, and doctors call them solar lentigines. These darkened, small spots are usually observed on the hands and face or other areas frequently exposed to the sun.
Chloasma or melasma spots are similar in appearance to age spots but are larger patches of dark skin that appear most often as a result of hormonal variations. Pregnancy, for example, can be associated with overproduction of melanin that induces the "mask of pregnancy" on the face and darkened skin on the abdomen and other areas. Women who take anticonceptive pills may also develop hyperpigmentation because their organisms experience a similar kind of hormonal variations that happen during pregnancy. If one is really bothered by the pigment, the birth control pills should be stopped. Changes in skin color can result from outside causes. For example, skin conditions such as acne may leave dark spots after the condition clears. Other causes of dark spots are injuries to the skin, including some surgeries. Freckles are small brown spots that can appear anywhere on the skin, but are most usual on the arms and face. Freckles are an inherited characteristic.
Freckles, age spots, and other dark skin patches can turn darker or more noticeable when skin is exposed to the sun. This occurs because , in order to protect the skin from overexposure, melanin absorbs the energy of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. The usual result of this process is skin tanning, which tends to darken already hyperpigmented skin areas. Wearing a sunscreen is a must. This sunscreen must be "broad spectrum" (so ultraviolet A and B rays are both blocked). A single day of excess sun can undo months of treatment.
Most prescription products recommended to lighten the skin contain hydroquinone. Bleaches fade and lighten darkened skin patches by reducing the production of melanin so those dark patches gradually fade to match healthy skin tone. Prescription hyperpigmentation treatment products contain two times the amount of the active ingredient hydroquinone, as over-the-counter skin bleaches. In more grievous cases prescription creams with tretinoin and a cortisone cream are added. These can be irritating to sensitive skin and the improvement of the condition can take 3-6 months.
If you’re worried about the possible side effects of these drugs, there are natural solutions and biological treatment alternatives that produce highly efficient results. These treatments can definitely solve you problem, so don’t loose your hope and remember that many other people have discovered a solution for this common problem.